In the next five years, Yangzhou plans to achieve a 60% level of grain drying and mechanization

It was recently learned that the comprehensive mechanization level of crop cultivation and harvesting in Jiangdu District of Yangzhou was higher than 85%, and the proportion of agricultural laborers in the entire society was already less than 20%, indicating that grain production had bid farewell to the “three bends” era. Among these, food production equipment such as dryers, seeders and harvesters have played a major role.

From seedling raising, planting, field management, to harvesting, deep-buried hoeing, mechanical fertilization, grain drying... Food production “machine substitution”. The reporter learned from an interview in Jiangdu District of Yangzhou that the region has initially implemented the mechanization of the “mechanization of seed (sub), fertilizer, medicine, plough, hoe, seed, harvest, pipe, plus, storage” in accordance with the national mechanized development plan for grain production. The level of comprehensive mechanization of crop cultivation and harvest in the region has exceeded 85%, and the proportion of agricultural laborers in the entire society has fallen below 20%.

Above 85% and below 20%, these two indicators mean that grain production has since bid farewell to the “three bends” era.

Dryer only "eats" straw, energy saving and environmental protection

If the rice harvest meets the rainy weather during the harvest season, the harvested rice cannot be dried in time and it will germinate and cause damage to the farmers. Since the autumn and winter of this year, the continuous drying of rain and sunshine has made the paddy rice dryer the "toon" of the eyes of the majority of late rice growers. It has helped at a critical moment.

“Rumbled, Rumbled...” Yesterday, reporters saw in the Grain Drying Center of the Agui Agricultural Machinery Cooperative in Putou Town, Jiangdu District, that nine rice paddle dryers are continuously operating, and that there are farmers who continue to load the trucks full of rice. Drive into the drying center, remove a sack of rice from the car and put it in the dryer. "This year's late rice has a relatively high moisture content, with an average drying time of at least 15 hours, and 9 drying machines can be used to dry 135 tons at a time." said the partner of the cooperative Han Jiagui, the water content of late-season rice is generally higher than this year due to high rainfall. 20%, higher than 30%, to reach the national purchase standard of 13.5%, each batch of rice needs to be dried for more than ten hours.

“Our dryers all use straw pellets as fuel, which not only solves the problem of straw burning in the field, purifies the air environment, but also saves energy costs. It can be said to serve two purposes.” In the village of Wangzhuangjiajiao, the agricultural machinery service professional cooperatives “worked”. Most of the grain dryers finally came to rest and "swept." Wang Jiachi, head of the cooperative, took up a paddy rice, patted the drying room in the cooperative's "new member" proudly said: "This month has continued to bring rain, dryers come in handy, The harvester takes the rice down and transports it directly to the drying room. Without the sun, food can still be dried."

"Reducing people's machine revenue" solves the problem of who is planting land

“Once the scale goes up, mechanization is the road we must take.” Zhang Yongxin, director of the Jiangdu Agricultural Machinery Bureau, believes that urbanization and industrialization are rapidly advancing, prompting the transfer of a large number of rural laborers to the second and third industries and solving the “who will plant the land” problem. Agricultural mechanization will become the dominant method of agricultural production, and the difficulties in the mechanization of grain production will be in the planting and drying stages, and the mechanization of food production must be promoted by the promotion of overall mechanization.

Jiang is a national modern agricultural demonstration zone and a national agricultural mechanization demonstration zone. The level of comprehensive mechanization of agricultural mechanization ranks in the forefront of the province. Last year, the Ministry of Agriculture launched a mechanized advancement campaign for the production of major crops, and identified Jiangsu as the first batch of overall advancement demonstration provinces in China. Jiangdu seized opportunities, introduced supportive policies, and played the role of fiscal funds for “double-dip in all directions”. It took the lead in launching the implementation of a full-scale mechanized demonstration town for food production and identified five links: “cultivation, planting, plant protection, harvesting, and drying”. There are more “plant protection” and “drying” than the nationally formulated indicators.

“Agricultural machinery is the carrier of almost all agricultural technologies, and it is an element that runs through the whole process of agronomy. Therefore, solving the mechanization problem, many problems in grain production and even the entire agricultural production will be solved.” Zhang Yongxin said, “people reduce, increase machine” The trend is irreversible, and the decline in the number of laborers engaged in the primary industry will inevitably lead to an increase in agricultural machinery and equipment and a significant increase in the level of mechanization.

Full mechanization, "rest assured food" does not fall

"After harvesting, the harvester will be unloaded directly into the food truck and transported directly to the dryer after being transported to the cooperative. When it is finished, it can be sold to the grain storehouse, and the harvesting, transportation and drying will be mechanized one-by-one. The whole process will not land." In the interview, many farmers in Jiangdu who built a drying room and planted rice processing business owners said that mechanized drying not only solves the problem of drying of grain, but also leaves the whole process of grain production out of reach. Mechanization extends to postpartum primary processing, and food production has never been as convenient and clean as it is today.

“With the dryer, not only the efficiency comes up, but also the grain can be sold at a good price.” Han Jiagui said that the quality of rice after drying is better, and the price per kilogram is 5 cents higher than that of ordinary rice. The rice processing enterprises signed a cooperation agreement. As long as the farmers send the rice, they can directly sell and take cash according to the water content, which saves the cost of transportation; and he installs the beginning of the inlet of the dryer. The Qing system not only reduces the dust generated by the feed, but also increases the quality of grain by a higher grade. This results in a virtuous circle of service chains. Farmers, cooperatives, and processing households can benefit from the tripartite benefits, while also allowing consumers to Eating "rest assured food" that does not fall on the ground can be said to be more than one thing.

The full-scale advancement of mechanization of food production can not only effectively solve the problem of “who will plant the land,” allowing us to eat enough food, but also greatly increase the controllability of food production and solve the problem of eating well and eating well. . The person in charge of the Municipal Agricultural Machinery Bureau said: “The development of agricultural mechanization is a dynamic process. In the future, the city will shift the focus of the mechanization of grain production to the drying process, and strive to achieve a mechanized level of grain drying by 60 years. %."

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