This month, the fifth comprehensive traffic survey is about to begin, and 40,000 households will be selected for household surveys throughout the city. The preliminary results of the survey will be released early next year.
Previously, after the third comprehensive traffic survey in Beijing in 2005, according to the survey conclusion, the municipal transportation department formulated the Olympic guarantee and the â€œEleventh Five-Year Traffic Planâ€; after the fourth comprehensive traffic survey in Beijing in 2010, â€œ28 measures to alleviate congestionâ€ Waiting for the introduction.
Respondents need to write "traffic diary"
Chen Jinchuan, director of the Planning and Design Department of the Municipal Communications Commission, said that Beijing had conducted four comprehensive traffic surveys in the city before, and each survey provided data basis for Beijing's traffic development and major policies. Compared with the last survey, the urban traffic situation in Beijing has undergone significant changes, and the existing data can no longer truly reflect the actual situation of Beijing's traffic development. In addition, 2014 coincided with the preparation of the â€œ13th Five-Year Planâ€, so it was decided to conduct the fifth comprehensive survey of urban transport in Beijing this year.
Chen Jinchuan introduced that this survey will focus on the Beijing-Tianjin-Hebei metropolitan area, covering the entire city of Beijing, with a focus on the area within the Sixth Ring Road. Through the different survey items such as subway and public transportation, the rules and characteristics of traffic operations are summarized and analyzed.
Wu Daidong, deputy director of the Social Situation and Public Opinion Survey Center of the Bureau of Statistics, introduced 265 streets, townships and regional offices in 16 districts and counties of the city. The sample totaled 40,000 households, about 120,000, and the city has 920 investigators. And 999 accompanying staff. The investigator will enter the household twice, registering the basic information for the first time, and leaving a â€œtraffic diaryâ€ in the households participating in the survey, and the second visit to the household and the â€œtraffic diaryâ€.
Survey of traffic around the hospital The survey involved 16 major items in 5 major projects, of which large-scale household surveys of residents will begin in early September. The survey questions include information about the purpose of the trip, the mode of transportation, and so on. Different from the previous surveys, the bicycle survey and medical investigations have been added. In the special survey for the school, the traffic survey contents of the primary and middle school students in the six districts of the city have been added.
Chen Jinchuan said that Beijing's medical resources are concentrated, and new traffic hotspots have been formed in recent years. This time, we will investigate the parking and traffic laws around the hospital. The survey of primary and secondary school students will be jointly participated by the Municipal Education Commission. Through the questionnaires issued to primary and secondary school students, the students' travel rules and the impact of nearby admissions on the local traffic environment will be understood.
For the first time, using GPS to record the trip, Chen Jinchuan introduced the GPS positioning technology for the first time. It will select 2,000 households, and family members over 6 years old will carry GPS equipment with them to obtain GPS information for one week and form a 24-hour diary for family members. .
Wu Daidong said that the information collected will only be used for investigation.
â– Questioning What is the role of the investigation in the introduction of the policy?
After the 2010 survey, a series of measures such as motor vehicle purchase restriction were formulated. Chen Jinchuan, Director of the Planning and Design Department of the Municipal Transportation Commission: The last survey was in 2010. We obtained a total of 47,000 household travel information and collected 126 subway stations, 8 Traffic survey data of 10,000 bus passengers and 2,000 taxis. Through that survey, we built a comprehensive transportation analysis platform and played a role in policy development and planning. We now say that less than 5 kilometers of passenger cars travel less than 5 kilometers, which is the result of traffic survey and analysis. This has played a role in our efforts to develop bus priority and guide car travel. At the same time, after the 2010 survey, the â€œTwelfth Five-Year Planâ€ for transportation development was also compiled, and a series of measures such as parking prices, motor vehicle purchase restrictions, and 28 measures to alleviate congestion were formulated.
How to apply this survey depends on the work plan of the municipal government and the transportation department.
How to choose the 40,000 household samples?
According to the needs, the scope is determined. The community and village committees are selected as the unit. Wu Daidong, deputy director of the Social Situation and Public Opinion Survey Center of the Bureau of Statistics: The statistical department will determine the scope according to the survey needs. All community and village neighborhood committees in this range are included in the list. The community and village neighborhood committees will be selected as the basic units, and the selected participants will participate in the survey. The investigation offices of all districts and counties will draw down the community in advance to obtain the basic conditions of the number, distribution, address, and transportation of the residents of the communities and residences (villages). The survey targets are those who have lived for more than five days per week in the surveyed households and surveys. Other people who live temporarily or temporarily live at home: such as relatives, friends, visitors, etc.
The survey involved 265 streets, townships and regional offices in 16 districts and counties throughout the city, scattered among 811 neighborhood committees and 188 village committees, with a total of 999 village committees; both urban residents and rural residents; The total sample size is 40,000 households, about 120,000; the city has a total of 920 investigators and 999 accompanying staff.
The survey is based on the household sample households. The survey content is the sunrise information of the surveyed residents on the survey day, travel time, travel distance, transportation mode, bus route, transportation cost, card status, parking situation, etc. Family information such as family address, members, owned vehicles, income status, contact information, and information on family members such as occupation, age, and location of the unit.
In addition to the household survey of the resident's travel situation, this survey will also conduct a survey of the floating population, and randomly select 8,000 people in the concentrated population of hotels, hotels, basements, etc., to investigate their occupation, source, and traffic activities in Beijing. Master the travel characteristics of the floating population.
How to identify the identity of the household investigator?
Will wear the investigator's card, and at the same time, hire the staff in the community to join Wu Diandong: We will establish cooperation with the community and the neighborhood committee in advance, and hire the staff in the community. These escorts are community people, people and the environment. I am familiar with it and go with me when I am at home. At the same time, our investigators have a unified investigator's card, which has names and photos, and is stamped with the official traffic inspection official seal of the Bureau of Statistics and the Traffic Commission. In addition, when we first enter the household, we will leave a traffic diary. There is a supervision telephone number of our investigation office on this book. The public can inquire at any time if they have any questions.
Will GPS reveal the privacy of the interviewee?
The device only records the travel trajectory of the carrier. There is no other function. Chen Jinchuan: This does not have to worry about privacy. GPS is to select 2,000 households among so many people involved in the survey. Family members over 6 years old carry GPS equipment and get a GPS path for one week. information record. This GPS device is very lightweight and can be placed in the palm of your hand. After obtaining the consent of the participating investigator and signing the use agreement, the respondent is turned on and carried for one week. This device only records the travel trajectory of the carrier. There is no other function. The system automatically records the travel trajectory during use. GPS surveys are only supplementary surveys in order to make the accuracy of large-scale surveys more accurate.
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